Sources of Motivation for Athletes
Are you (or your athletes) motivated by getting your name in the newspaper? Are you motivated by receiving the MVP award at the end-of-the-year team banquet?
These sources of motivation are referred to as extrinsic motivation. Extrinsic motivation refers to actions that are driven by external rewards such as money, trophies, acclaim, gifts, praise, awards, etc.
While extrinsic rewards can increase motivation initially, over time, the sole use of extrinsic rewards tends to decrease motivation.
When your motivation is dependent upon awards, trophies and accolades, once those rewards are no longer received, motivation will decrease.
For example, let’s look at a young swimmer who gets their name in the newspaper each week and gets first place medals for practically every event repeatedly.
After a while, teammates start beating this swimmer to the point she no longer places in events nor does she receive medals or trophies.
Soon, this swimmer may lose her motivation to keep training five days a week and putting in hours of effort. She may think, “Why even swim if I am not longer winning at meets?”
There is another source of motivation referred to as intrinsic motivation.
Intrinsic motivation is defined as performing an action because you enjoy the sport itself or the challenges of your sport.
Intrinsic sources of motivation include: love of competing, being part of a team, learning new skills, improving your game, flow, having fun, etc.
If you are playing a sport that you are passionate about and find intrinsically rewarding, you are more likely to persist when faced with challenges.
Let’s revisit the example of the swimmer…
If she was primarily motivated by achieving personal bests, after a couple bad races, she might look for new ways to improve her times, such as; work harder in practice, try to improve technique or learn to relax prior to lining up behind the blocks.
A mixture of both sources of motivation, intrinsic and extrinsic, is often the best method to keep an athlete moving forward.
Even professional athletes need to feed their motivation. Los Angeles Lakers power forward Kyle Kuzma uses both intrinsic and extrinsic sources to maintain his motivation and fuel his performance.
Kuzma was selected with the 27th overall pick in the 2017 NBA draft and had a great rookie season. Kuzma was chosen to play in the Rising Stars Challenge during All-Star weekend and he shared his motivation to win.
Each member of the winning team in the Rising Stars receives a $25,000 bonus. That source of extrinsic motivation helped Kuzma score 35 points contributing to Team USA’s victory over Team World.
KUZMA: “I think it was the second timeout, and I broke the huddle by saying, ‘Bonus-1-2-3.’ So there you go.”
But Kuzma also was motivated to improve his performance from last year’s game (intrinsic motivation) and have Team USA take back the title.
KUZMA: “I played last year and was lackadaisical, so I didn’t want to do that again… There was a lot of great players out there, All-Stars, we’re all young rising stars in this league. Obviously it’s an exhibition, but it’s always better to have bragging rights whenever you can.”
Motivation helps you persist through challenges, rise to the occasion when necessary and achieve more of your potential.
By feeding yourself a daily dose of motivation, you can become the athlete you want to become.
Tap into Your Motivation:
Think of sources of intrinsic and extrinsic rewards that best fuel your motivation and commitment.
Remind yourself why you are passionate about your sport. What do you enjoy about practice and competition?
Why do you do what you do? What’s the end game with your participation in sports?
Playing to make others happy is not a good reason to compete. Participating because you don’t know what else to do is also not a good reason.
Knowing what motivates you will help you continue to excel and reach your goals.
If you’re an athlete who is frequently distracted, loses focus in competition, or wants to learn more about how to focus better under pressure, read more about The Focused Athlete…
Improve Concentration in Sports!
If you’re an athlete who is frequently distracted, loses focus in competition, or wants to learn more about how to focus better under pressure, The Focused Athlete is for you!
Concentration and the ability to focus under adversity is what championship athletes do best.
It only takes one distraction to enter your mind for you to lose a critical point, miss a putt, or lose a second off your lap time. You cannot afford to let distractions run wild in your mind and cause you to make errors at critical times in the game!
The Focused Athlete is a complete system to teach you how to focus like a champion and harness the power of a zone focus every tie you step on the playing field, court, track or course in practice and games!
This workbook and CD program consists of 2 audio CDs that include 14 days of focus boosting exercises and a simple to follow workbook that guides you through each of the 14 days, helps you apply strategies, and customizes the exercises to your personal focus challenges.
- How to quickly identify distractions that sabotage your concentration and how to quickly refocus after distractions.
- How to use pre-shot routines before shots or serves to help you be more task-focused instead of worrying about results.
- How to use pregame routines to help you harness the power of zone concentration before competition.
Learn more about one of our most popular CD programs in The Confident Athlete Series…
What are customers saying about our mental game programs?
“As a result of reading and implementing ‘The Confident Athlete Series,’ I am once again enjoying golf and letting bad shots roll off my shoulders and appreciating my good shots without attaching expectations. Thanks Dr. Cohn!”
~Stu Blasius, P.G.A. Golf Professional
“Your response to the throwing problem in front of the coach covers so many situations in life…that is the beauty of playing sports…the life learning experiences. Keep up the good work…you are the best mental coach.”
~Bill Brennan, sports parent